One of the world’s oldest sports and one of Jamaica’s most popular, horse racing dates back to 4500 BC when nomadic tribesmen from Europe to Asia first began to race domesticated horses. The Romans loved chariot racing as did the Egyptians who also enjoyed mounted horse racing, both of which by 638 BC were included in the Greek Olympics. Modern racing emerged in the 12th century and betting became a popular diversion of European nobility. During the 1700s, racecourses were a common sight in English towns and villages. The Jockey Club was formed in 1750 to lay down rules and regulations and bring some order to the sport. Breeding began to produce faster and sturdier animals to supply the demand.